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Dx Hepatitis A Treatment: Read more....

Hepatitis A

"One of the more common causes of acute hepatitis is hepatitis A virus (HAV), which was isolated by Purcell in 1973. Humans appear to be the only reservoir for this virus. Since the application of accurate serologic investigations in the 1980s, the epidemiology, clinical manifestations, and natural history of hepatitis A have become apparent.

The relative frequency of HAV as a cause of acute hepatitis has declined in Western societies, while in contrast, notification of individual cases has increased, primarily as a result of improved reporting and diagnostic techniques. The nadir of reported cases was in 1987.

Improvements in hygiene, public health policies, and sanitation have had the greatest impact on hepatitis A, and vaccination and passive immunization have successfully led to some reduction in illness in high-risk groups.

Reduced encounters with HAV at a young age have resulted in both a decline in herd immunity and a change to the epidemiology of the illness, with increases in the mean age of occurrence of illness attributed to acute HAV infection in Western societies. Although this phenomenon may lay a framework for potential epidemics in the future, public health policies and newly implemented immunization practices are likely to reduce this potential."

*[Editor] The problem with Hepatitis A is that the disease can be fulminant and life threatening in pregnancy. Fulminant Hepatic Failure in pregnant women caused by Hepatitis 'E' was an explosive disease with ..rapid development of cerebral edema and high occurrence of disseminated intravascular coagulation and an elevated mortality rate.

Medications Used in Treatment:
1. Vaccinations: Twinrix®, Havrix® Hepatitis A Vaccine

Suggested Links:
*N.H.S. Choices
*Merck Manual Home Edition
*The Liver Foundation

*[Editor] The Hepatitis A vaccination is reported as safe by the National Institute of Health during pregnancy (but discuss it with your doctor).. The vaccination is suggested when traveling to underdeveloped countries.

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